A diet for pancreatitis and cholecystitis is not a particular phenomenon, but a lifestyle in which foods that can adversely affect the functioning of the gallbladder, liver and pancreas are excluded. With the right approach, the disease goes into a remission stage, while the patient does not feel any particular discomfort from the dietary restrictions, since others are replaced by one product, thereby excluding the appearance of hunger.
A diet for pancreatitis and cholecystitis is not a particular phenomenon, but a lifestyle in which food products that can adversely affect the functioning of organs are excluded.
Features diet with cholecystitis and pancreatitis
Cholecystitis and pancreatitis are paired diseases, as they are characterized by the same causes. Cholecystitis is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by inflammatory processes in the gallbladder. The cause of the disease can be stones in the biliary tract, preventing the normal flow of bile.
Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, during which the activation of enzymes of the organ occurs. Treatment of pancreatitis and cholecystitis is carried out simultaneously, the same methods are used to relieve the burden on the diseased organ. Diet for pancreatitis and cholecystitis is one of the methods of treatment, due to which the disease goes into remission.
Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, during which the activation of enzymes of the organ occurs.
Pancreatitis is acute and chronic, and a diet is prescribed depending on the stage of the disease. When this disease is recommended so-called fractional food, involving the frequent use of food in small portions. It is important that the food is well absorbed by the body, so porridges, soups, boiled vegetables and fruits are eaten in a ground form. When pancreatitis should be completely excluded from the diet of fatty meat and fish. Pork is replaced with low-fat veal, chicken or turkey meat. You can not eat fried, smoked, salty.
Dairy products are allowed for consumption, but only if they are well received by the body. The fat content in milk, cottage cheese, yogurt should be minimal. Vegetables and fruits are best consumed in boiled form. It is not recommended to include sweet carbonated drinks in the diet. The use of non-carbonated mineral water for the treatment of pancreatitis and cholecystitis is permitted. Eggs can be eaten only in boiled form or as a protein omelet. Per day is allowed to eat no more than 1 yolk.
What is the best mineral water to drink for pancreatitis? The answer to this question will find in this article.
Cholecystitis is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by inflammatory processes in the gallbladder.
Products permitted for pancreatitis and cholecystitis:
- Groats: oatmeal, buckwheat, semolina, rice.
- Kefir, yogurt, ryazhenka, milk, cottage cheese.
- Veal, chicken and turkey meat.
- Non-acidic fruit.
- Biscuit without spices.
- Crackers, yesterday’s bread.
Prohibited products for pancreatitis and cholecystitis:
- Fish and canned meat.
- Homemade pickles.
- Smoked meats.
- Pork, duck and goose meat.
- Fatty fish.
- Spicy spices.
- Salad, sorrel, spinach.
- Radish, radish.
- Legumes (except green peas and green beans).
- Mayonnaise, mustard, horseradish.
Of great importance for the recovery of the patient are the methods of cooking. It is best to purchase a steamer for this purpose.
Sweets can be replaced with honey, but only if there is no diabetes. Persimmon is excluded from the diet during exacerbation, as well as in the first months of remission. In the diet for chronic pancreatitis, persimmon consumption in a limited amount (boiled or baked) is allowed. Of great importance for the recovery of the patient is the way of cooking. It is best to purchase a steamer for this purpose. It is allowed to bake in the oven, but only in a sealed container, foil or parchment. With this method of cooking does not form a harmful crust, the food is juicy and tasty.
Diet for pancreatitis (acute)
With the exacerbation of the disease, severe pains appear, appetite disappears, the patient feels weakness and general malaise. In such a situation, doctors prescribe fasting for 3-5 days, which allows the use of boiled water. You can also drink mineral water without gas. After the pain subsides, begin to enter into the diet grinded vegetable and cereal soups, which are boiled in water. Pancreatitis is contraindicated in a diet that contains meat and fish broth. The use of light vegetable broth without spices and spices is allowed.
In cooking soups use buckwheat or oatmeal. Millet, barley and corn grits are prohibited for use at the aggravation stage. In chronic cholecystitis and pancreatitis, the use of these croup in the diet is permitted, but in very limited quantities. If the patient’s condition improves, then boiled chicken meat or veal is gradually introduced into the diet. In addition to soups, they use oatmeal porridge cooked in water (without oil, sugar and salt). You can eat mashed potatoes, diluted to a thick soup, butter and milk are not added to it.
After a couple of weeks, they begin to inject dairy products with a low percentage of fat. It is best to use kefir or milk at this stage of the disease. Cottage cheese is eaten in limited quantities. Porridge begin to cook in water with a little milk added. Allowed the use of broth hips. Begin to enter into the diet vegetables, steamed.
When changing the diet is important to monitor the general condition of the patient. If the products included in the menu, do not cause negative reactions, they continue to use.
If nausea, vomiting or pain occurs, it is necessary to exclude products that caused the patient to deteriorate.
About 2 months after the onset of the exacerbation, a special diet is prescribed – Table No. 5P, which is characterized by a low content of fats and carbohydrates. The patient should eat at least 5-6 times a day, while servings should be minimal. It is necessary to eat as much food as is placed on the palm of your hand. It is important to thoroughly chew the consumed foods – then the food will be easily absorbed by the body.
The daily rate of kilocalories consumed – from 2500 to 2800 kcal. The basis of the diet is protein food. Carbohydrates are consumed in a limited amount, the daily rate is not more than 400 g. 60 g of animal fats are supposed to be eaten per day, and not more than 20 g of vegetable fat per day. One teaspoon of sugar per day is allowed. The amount of salt is severely limited. White bread can be eaten, but it is better if it is yesterday. Allowed to eat up to 300 grams of bread. The total amount of fluid consumed per day –